'Quadruple helix' DNA seen in human cells
BBC News, 20th January 2013 Cambridge University scientists say they have seen four-stranded DNA at work in human cells for the first time.
The famous "molecule of life", which carries our genetic code, is more familiar to us as a double helix.But researchers tell the journal Nature Chemistry that the "quadruple helix" is also present in our cells, and in ways that might possibly relate to cancer. [...]
Balasubramanian's group has been pursuing a four-stranded version of the molecule that scientists have produced in the test tube now for a number of years.It is called the G-quadruplex. The "G" refers to guanine, one of the four chemical groups, or "bases", that hold DNA together and which encode our genetic information (the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine).
The G-quadruplex seems to form in DNA where guanine exists in substantial quantities.And although ciliates, relatively simple microscopic organisms, have displayed evidence for the incidence of such DNA, the new research is said to be the first to firmly pinpoint the quadruple helix in human cells.
Updated: Have scientists discovered DNA that allows for rapid evolutionary change?
Certainly, we have to wonder why 'Quadruple helix' DNA have never been seen before in human cells. According to the New Scientist version Quadruple DNA helix discovered in human cells
, DR Shankar Balasubramanian of the University of Cambridge, UK states "...the G-quadruplexes are triggered into action by chaotic genomic mutations and reorganisations
typical of cancerous or precancerous cells." There can be no evolution without chaos that is a basic scientific fact and the risk of cancer was something I mentioned in my book concerning those who regularly work with evolutionary energies... I think the fact that square or diamond DNA appears as part of a transition is very interesting to me. In my 2012 .pdf e-book, I tried to explain the influence of magnetic fields in creating diamond shaped energy gaps in DNA, diamond crystal entanglement and the more mundane aspect of the diamond shape being the perfect receiver and transmitter... I wonder whether this spontaneous diamond DNA is required to permit a perfect download of 'environmental' information... cancer is the result of an imperfect download of environmental DNA instructions... Anyway, Dr Julian Huppert
, Research Councils UK Academic Fellow in Computational Biology, Fellow, Clare College states: "We are currently looking at other functional roles that can be performed by G-quadruplexes, at the DNA or RNA level, as well as using data from evolutionary and human variation studies to understand the importance of these motifs."
I think we can safely assume this is an evolutionary development by design and maybe it is normal for more 'Quadruple helix' DNA to appear at times of rapid evolutionary change (strong new environmental signals), but the flip-side is if it goes wrong, cancer is the result.... We still need more evolutionary geneticists to comment, but I presume there will be lots more articles about this in the future. Whatever, I would be very interested to hear from a biologist/geneticist qualified to comment.... Of course, I expect a fair few scientists to be now in shock because the double helix is taught as dogma, but it is wonderful to know that humans are not the final arbiter of reality....
Some Evolution May Not Depend on Genes
Live Science, 4th June 2013
Epigenetic changes, or chemical markers on DNA that can turn genes on or off, may play a role in natural selection, a new paper argues.
The piece, published today (June 4) in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, argues that these chemical markers can be passed through multiple generations just as genes can, and as a result, epigenetic changes can be selected for or against — thereby contributing to species' evolution.
Over the last several decades, researchers studying epigenetics have found that something in addition to DNA alters the expression of genes. For instance, a chemical marker, called methylation, can cause DNA to coil tightly, thereby preventing cellular machinery from copying DNA's genetic instructions.
But epigenetics are incredibly complicated. For instance, studies in plants, mice and humans have found that the chemical marks on DNA can be stably passed down through the generations. [The Top 10 Worst Hereditary Conditions]
But these chemical markers can be both inherited and modified by the environment.
There is now a huge amount of doubt amongst evolutionary biologists caused by new scientific discoveries. Epigentics means that 200 years after Darwin, scientists are being forced to admit evolution is still not very well understood. In my Tuning the Diamonds
book, I point out experiments where healers demonstrated that they could unwind DNA at will.... Now it seems the importance of this ability is becoming clear as it seems to prove that humans do have the ability to influence their own evolution.
More Light Is Cast on Epigenetics and Design
Evolution News & Views, 10th June 2013
The study of epigenetics -- codes and systems "above" genetics -- has accelerated in recent years. Scientists now recognize a multitude of players implicated in regulating genes. These players include proteins, RNA molecules, and chemical "tags" that DNA translation machinery recognizes. Some recent papers elucidate a few of the many ways epigenetic factors interact with the genome.
Comment: I don't want to get into the trap of being classified as a creationist, (even if it is true) but the Intelligent Design people are pretty cock-a-hoop these days. I love the way the scientific arguments are being explained for those us who don't have a PH.D. in biology.
EUKARYOTIC CELLS - A Devastating Blow For the Fairytale of Evolution
YouTube, 1st February 2013
Evolution - No proof, only imagination
News24, 3rd June 2013
Firstly, I have to explain to the readers that Evolution is purely without a doubt the biggest lie and controversy ever in the history of mankind. It has nothing to do with Science and has absolutely no place in our textbooks… It’s all a figure of their (Evolutionists) Imagination. No proof exists.
When a scientist is confronted with the simple question of has anyone observed Macro Evolution? In other words an ape like creature giving birth to a human. The answer is No. They then immediately jump to the imagination factor by adding this happened over a period of millions of years by means of “natural selection”. The problem is no one has ever lived this long in order to observe this and the other problem is natural selection is limited (Micro Evolution/variations within a kind).
Of course I can't agree with all of this... The problem with creationists is that a Creator most definitely exists but it does not mean a particular preferred man-made religion is definitive, but that of course is always mostly inferred... As far as I am concerned, creationists and evolutionists are like colour-blind men arguing about what they see down a kaleidoscope.... Neither realise they have a vision problem and that provides different perspectives... Another perspective might be that the creative force does not need an excuse to be creative and has nothing to do with any religions or belief systems... Well, I actually like my philosophical traits, it means I can turn my back on the abundance of historical nonsense and just examine the facts to the best of my ability. I also found this Podcast at the website http://www.evolutionnews.org/
that points out that there are some very unhappy scientists and philosophers who are challenging neo Darwinian evolution, see Non-Religious Skeptics of Darwinian Evolution
Chinese Eugenics Factory Collects “Genius” DNA To Breed “Enhanced” People
explosivereports.com, 20th March 2013
According to a leading evolutionary biologist, the Chinese are engaging in a massive breeding operation with the aim of ultimately creating a breed of cognitively enhanced individuals. And what’s more, the China-based eugenics factory recently bought up a large genome research institute in the United States, giving the Chinese access to the DNA of Americans.
Hmm... but look at the state of China, the leaders there who may or may not be part of the intelligentsia, have created an environmental hell-hole. Who is making the decisions to keep polluting and destroying the environment when inevitably, it will come to the point where life for humans is impossible... At the moment, the rate of children being born with abnormalities is already "alarming"... What is the point of a genetic breeding program if those born with "genius" DNA become intelligentsia but are in exactly the same position as the current intelligentsia who obviously don't have enough power to make a difference and clean up the environment? It is now already at the point where people can hardly breath at times because the pollution is so bad... Due to the backward mentality, a big Darwin award is looming for the whole damn country if they don't act soon.
Generation of 'X-Men' superhumans could become a reality in 30 years thanks to advances in gene science, say MoD experts
* Experts warn of 'genetic inequality' if advances are unequally shared
* Report says 'human augmentation' is likely to increase over next 30 years
* Details released following a Freedom of Information request
Daily Mail, 25th February 2013
A generation of genetically-modified 'X-Men' superhumans could be among us by 2045, a Ministry of Defence think tank has said.
Advancements in gene technology could help humans gain mutant powers such as the likes of Wolverine, Cyclops and Storm in the popular comic book and movie series, it has been reported.
The MoD's Development Concepts and Doctrine Centre warn however that 'genetic inequality' could result from advancements in biology being unequally shared across society.
Transhumanism is another subject that is directly related to human evolution but in this case this is man-made human evolution that has nothing to do with spirituality... I am already thinking this requires a book to explain the spiritual implications of what this really means. Others have already started work see, Cyborg Superman, Transhumanism and the Nephilim
Neanderthal cloning chatter highlights scientific illiteracy
News Daily, 24th January 2013
BOSTON, Jan. 24, 2013 (Reuters) — After spending the weekend reading blog posts claiming that he was seeking an "extremely adventurous female human" to bear a cloned Neanderthal baby - which was news to him - Harvard geneticist George Church said it may be time for society to give some thought to scientific literacy.
Church became the subject of dozens of posts and tabloid newspaper articles calling him a "mad scientist" after giving an interview to the German magazine Der Spiegel.
In the interview, Church discussed the technical challenges scientists would face if they tried to clone a Neanderthal, though neither he nor the Der Spiegel article, which was presented as a question and answer exchange, said he intended to do so.
"Harvard professor seeks mother for cloned cave baby," read one headline, on the website of London's Daily Mail.
But Church explained on Wednesday that he was simply theorizing. [...]
"We really should get the public of the entire world to be able to detect the difference between a fact and a complete fantasy that has been created by the Internet," he said.
Hmmm... the UK Daily Mail caught misleading people again... Scientific illiteracy is the reason for the New Age 2012 Winter Solstice disaster when people ignored the reality of Space Weather and the proposed Mayan Age of Aether by real modern Mayan Elders because they didn't understand any space physics and instead wrote drivel like 'Father Sun' having a union with the 'Cosmic Mother' and a whole selection of ridiculous and impossible astronomical scenarios, the Sun becoming a red giant is probably the worse... I think the conclusion I have come to is that many prefer fantasy and they are not interested in reality. Engaging brain is not considered spiritual and going around in a haze of cluelessness and repeating garbage as long as it sounds good enough to impress others that are even more illiterate is good enough... HAARP conspiracy theorist talk for many is basically at the level of the boogie man did it...
I suppose there is big money to be made providing fodder for the masses and whilst people are so gullible, the cynics will continue to churn it out...
Scientists discover how epigenetic information could be inherited
Research reveals the mechanism of epigenetic reprogramming
Eureka Alert, 24th January 2013
Epigenetics is a system that turns our genes on and off. The process works by chemical tags, known as epigenetic marks, attaching to DNA and telling a cell to either use or ignore a particular gene.
The most common epigenetic mark is a methyl group. When these groups fasten to DNA through a process called methylation they block the attachment of proteins which normally turn the genes on. As a result, the gene is turned off.
Scientists have witnessed epigenetic inheritance, the observation that offspring may inherit altered traits due to their parents' past experiences. For example, historical incidences of famine have resulted in health effects on the children and grandchildren of individuals who had restricted diets, possibly because of inheritance of altered epigenetic marks caused by a restricted diet. [...]
Dr Jamie Hackett from the University of Cambridge, who led the research, said: "Our research demonstrates how genes could retain some memory of their past experiences, revealing that one of the big barriers to the theory of epigenetic inheritance - that epigenetic information is erased between generations - should be reassessed."
"It seems that while the precursors to sperm and eggs are very effective in erasing most methylation marks, they are fallible and at a low frequency
may allow some epigenetic information to be transmitted to subsequent generations. The inheritance of differential epigenetic information could potentially contribute to altered traits or disease susceptibility in offspring and future descendants."
What the hell does "at a low frequency" mean? I'm not interested in the metaphysics, I want to understand the science!
Scientists Shed Light On the 'Dark Matter' of DNA
Science Daily, 17th January 2013
Far from being useless, the non-coding part of DNA contains so-called regulatory regions or enhancers that determine when and where each gene is expressed. This regulation ensures that each gene is only active in appropriate cell-types and tissues, e.g. hemoglobin in red blood cell precursors, digestive enzymes in the stomach, or ion channels in neurons. If gene regulation fails, cells express the wrong genes and acquire inappropriate functions such as the ability to divide and proliferate, leading to diseases such as cancer.
The article introduces confusion straight away by telling us that the 98% of DNA that scientists previously called "junk" DNA (now called gene regulatory regions) is really the controlling mechanism for the 2% of DNA that scientists could previously understand.... The Dark matter analogy is NOT appropriate and if we want to join in with the stupidity, we could call it clueless DNA... Anyway, as I have explained on this blog, anybody interested in spiritual evolution should be aware that there is a shift in the properties of spacetime. As some NASA scientists are prepared to admit, the arrival of a new stream of dark matter has changed the properties of spacetime or the old fashion aether and according to metaphysical sources there are new interactions with the human energy/morphogenetic fields. Dark matter interacting with the physical body is not really the issue but yes, even the elusive dark matter will sometimes intefere directly with the physical body see more below.... The real issue is the new science of Epigenetics — the study of how genes are turned on and off — now one of the most important areas of science, that reveals our genes are actually influenced or even controlled by our environment. Celestial epigenetics, as our scientists explain, may be the reason for rapid evolutionary change and some scientific research has already been highlighted on this blog.
Dark Matter Collides With Human Tissue An Average of Once a Minute, Study Finds
Popular Science, 10th April 2012 Flashback!
A dark matter particle smacks into an average person’s body about once a minute, and careens off oxygen and hydrogen nuclei in your cells, according to theoretical physicists. Dark matter is streaming through you as you read this, most of it unimpeded.
Dark matter is arguably the greatest mystery in modern physics. Observations from multiple sources across a few decades now shows that most of the universe is made of matter we can’t see — hence the name — but no one has been able to find it. One strong candidate for this dark material is called a WIMP, for weakly interacting massive particle, and there are a variety of observatories in Europe and the U.S. that are looking for these things. Some have found promising hints, but others have seen a whole lot of nothing.
Still, cosmologists generally agree there’s a halo of dark matter particles out there, and our solar system and our planet are flying through it. In a new paper, Katherine Freese at the University of Michigan and Christopher Savage at Stockholm University in Sweden thought about what this means for our bodies.
Comment: Only once a minute?...the research paper abstract actually says:
We investigate the interactions of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) with nuclei in the human body. We are motivated by the fact that WIMPs are excellent candidates for the dark matter in the Universe. Our estimates use a 70 kg human and a variety of WIMP masses and cross-sections. The contributions from individual elements in the body are presented and it is found that the dominant contribution is from scattering off of oxygen (hydrogen) nuclei for the spin-independent (spin-dependent) interactions. For the case of 60 GeV WIMPs, we find that, of the billions of WIMPs passing through a human body per second, roughly ~10 WIMPs hit one of the nuclei in the human body in an average year, if the scattering is at the maximum consistent with current bounds on WIMP interactions.
The headline gives the impression that only the physical body matters but of course that is just old obsolete thinking....
There are problems with the definition of 'dark' because most people don't realise that these particles are real. Just because scientists can't measure sub-atomic particles does not mean they are not physical.... The real issue for those interested in the metaphysics is how this energy interacts with the human energy field and especialy the morphogenetic fields that controls the physical body. The statement that "there’s a halo of dark matter particles out there, and our solar system and our planet are flying through it" is interesting and presumably there is a link with the band of ultra high energy photons that have been discovered... Whatever, it is a fact that various scientists believe that this planet and everything on it is now experiencing of a new flow of dark matter.... Apparently, this is something that happens on a regular basis. As far as I am concerned this is just more confirmation that it is possible to integrate science and metaphysics.
Dark Matter collisions with the Human Body by Katherine Freese and Christopher Savage
Erratic Environment May Be Key to Human Evolution
Live Science, 25th December 2012
Regenerated Body Parts Not as Good as Originals
Discovery News, 10th October 2012
When an animal grows back a missing body part, the replacement is not as good as the original, new research confirms.
It's been known for a while that regenerated lobster claws and eyes tend to be much smaller, but now a study on regenerated lizard tails reveals that they are far from identical to the first ones.
"The regenerated lizard tail is not a perfect replica," Rebecca Fisher, an associate professor in Arizona State University's School of Life Sciences, and at the UA College of Medicine – Phoenix, said in a press release. "There are key anatomical differences including the presence of a cartilaginous rod and elongated muscle fibers spanning the length of the regenerated tail."
Well it's obvious.... This is like cloning but the DNA of the whole regenerated body part is being geomagnetically or electromagnetically re-timestamped by the environment... These are the epigenetic factors that includes the feelings of the poor creature having it's limbs chopped off and might explain why the poor creature can only regenerate limbs that are not as good. This is a continuation of science started by Robert Becker in the 1960s.
Why cloning is a terrible way to bring your pet dog back from the dead
i09 News, 7th October 2012
[...] Last year, I happened to speak to John Woestendiek, author of the book Dog, Inc.: The Uncanny Inside Story of Cloning Man's Best Friend, who said that, at least on an intellectual level, that identical nuclear DNA does not make for identical animals. But in his book, it's clear that many of the people who pay for dog cloning do so in the hopes that they really will get their dogs back. [...]
But of course, a clone is not the same dog. In fact, thanks to a cloned dog having different mitochondrial DNA from its genetic donor, they're slightly less related than identical twins.
It's impossible for cloning to reproduce identical animals and humans because DNA is electromagnetically and geomagnetically time-stamped. Thus, the whole idea of cloning has been undermined by what scientists are calling epigenetics, factors that are beyond genetics.
Son's DNA found inside mother's brain
New Scientist, 27th September 2012
Mothers always have their children in the back of their minds – now it seems that this is quite literally true. Fetal DNA can enter a mother's brain and remain there for decades, according to autopsies of female brains.
During a pregnancy, cells from mother and fetus can cross the placenta and survive for decades in the skin, liver and spleen – a phenomenon called fetal microchimerism. [...]
To investigate this, Nelson and her colleagues autopsied 59 brains of deceased women – 33 of whom had Alzheimer's disease. They amplified the DNA that they found, creating many more copies, and looked for the presence of a male Y chromosome.
They found it in 63 per cent of the brains. This male DNA showed up in many different brain regions and some of it had been there for a very long time: one brain that contained the male DNA was from a 94-year-old woman.
It seems that the belief that humans have only one set of DNA in every cell is
breaking down as the evidence is that the human body can support multiple sets of DNA as some biologists have already reported to their dismay, see link below.
DNA Not The Same In Every Cell Of Body: Major Genetic Differences Between Blood And Tissue Cells Revealed
Science Daily, 16th July 2009 Flashback!
"Research by a group of Montreal scientists calls into question one of the most basic assumptions of human
genetics: that when it comes to DNA, every cell in the body is essentially identical to every other cell. Their results appear in the July issue of the journal Human Mutation.
This discovery may undercut the rationale behind numerous large-scale genetic studies conducted over the last
15 years, studies which were supposed to isolate the causes of scores of human diseases.
Except for cancer, samples of diseased tissue are difficult or even impossible to take from living patients.
Thus, the vast majority of genetic samples used in large-scale studies come in the form of blood.
However, if it turns out that blood and tissue cells do not match genetically, these ambitious and
expensive genome-wide association studies may prove to have been essentially flawed from the outset.
Organisms cope with environmental uncertainty by guessing the future
Eureka Alert, 16th August 2012
In uncertain environments, organisms not only react to signals, but also use molecular processes to make guesses about the future, according to a study by Markus Arnoldini et al. from ETH Zurich and Eawag, the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology. The authors report in PLoS Computational Biology that if environmental signals are unreliable, organisms are expected to evolve the ability to take random decisions about adapting to cope with adverse situations.
Most organisms live in ever-changing environments, and are at times exposed to adverse conditions that are not preceded by any signal. [...] Previous experimental work with microorganisms has reported variability in stress responses between genetically identical individuals. The results of the present study suggest that this variation emerges because individual organisms take random decisions, and such variation is beneficial because it helps organisms to reduce the metabolic costs of protection without compromising the overall benefits.
Comment: I believe the scientists here are refering to Somatic Hypermutation — rapid or excessive alterations of the genes. This is a process that allows an organism to use a suitable gene variant to effectively relieve an environmental stress. Simply, if a bacterium needs help, it can simply cut out some useless genetic material and replace it with a new and more helpful version.... This has seriously freaked out biologists and blown Darwin's theory of evolution out of the window.... As I wrote in the 2012 version of my book
This was first revealed in 1988, by the internationally recognized
geneticist John Cairns who wrote the paper, “The Origin of Mutants” that was
published in the prestigious British journal Nature. Since, this research was a
serious challenge to prevailing beliefs of random mutations espoused by Darwin
followers, it was immediately condemned as complete heresy. Of course, after
10 years of replication, scientists were forced to admit that an alternative
mechanism for evolution existed.
Tuning the Diamonds: Electromagnetism & Spiritual Evolution (2006, 2008, 2010, 2012)
'Junk DNA' Defines Differences Between Humans and Primates
Daily Galaxy, 26th October 2011
Scientists believed for years that the vast phenotypic differences between humans and chimpanzees would display significantly different genetic makeups. However, when their genomes were later sequenced, researchers were surprised to learn that the DNA sequences of human and chimpanzee genes are nearly identical.
In molecular biology, "junk" DNA is a collective label for the portions of the DNA sequence of a chromosome or a genome for which no function has yet been identified. About 98.5% of the human genome has been designated as "junk", including most sequences within introns and most intergenic DNA.
While much of this sequence is probably an evolutionary artifact that serves no present-day purpose, some may function in ways that are not currently understood. In fact, recent studies have suggested functions for certain portions of what has been called junk DNA. Moreover, the conservation of some "junk" DNA over many millions of years of evolution may imply an essential function. The "junk" label is therefore recognized as something of a misnomer, and many prefer the more neutral term "noncoding DNA."
"Our findings are generally consistent with the notion that the morphological and behavioral differences between humans and chimpanzees are predominately due to differences in the regulation of genes rather than to differences in the sequence of the genes themselves," said McDonald.
I am sure many have wondered why some humans are so arrogant that what they don't understand is considered as "junk".... now scientists are having to back pedal and refer to "noncoding DNA". This attitude is a basic flaw in human perception and thinking... I was given some interesting information by one of my brilliant sons this week, as I did not know about The Dunning–Kruger effect. This is the wikipedia introductory info:
The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which unskilled people make poor decisions and reach erroneous conclusions, but their incompetence denies them the metacognitive ability to recognize their mistakes. The unskilled therefore suffer from illusory superiority, rating their ability as above average, much higher than it actually is, while the highly skilled underrate their own abilities, suffering from illusory inferiority.
The definition of 'skilled' and 'unskilled' is of course, all relative... but, this helps me in my quest to understand truly stupid humans and/or the psychopathic kind.
Study shows humans still evolving
PhysOrg.com, 4th October 2011
(PhysOrg.com) -- A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences provides evidence of human evolution and rapid genetic changes suggesting that, contrary to modern claims, technological and cultural advancements have not halted the evolutionary process in humans.
The new study, led by geneticist Emmanuel Milot from the University of Quebec, looked at a group of women from the remote island town of Ile aux Coudres in Quebec, Canada. The team looked at the birth, death and marriage records kept by the Catholic Church in the town. They were specifically looking at the data from women who married between 1799 and 1940.
What they discovered was that within that 140 year time frame, the age that the women conceived their first child dropped from 26 to 22. Looking at cultural, social and economic differences in the women, the researchers were able to determine that 30 to 50 percent of this variation in age was explained solely by genetic variations. [...]
This is not the first study to show that human evolution is still happening. Recent studies include the Tibetans evolutionary change to adapt to the lower oxygen levels found in their high altitude environment. This change has only occurred throughout the last few hundred generations. Other studies show that humans have only evolved the ability to tolerate lactose in their systems over the last 5,000 or so years.
Personally, I think the Tibetan research is far more convincing, but the principle to remember is that humans can and will evolve quickly based on a desire to survive in even extreme environments.
Are Genes Our Destiny? Scientists Discover 'Hidden' Code in DNA Evolves More Rapidly Than Genetic Code
Science Daily, 17th September 2011
ScienceDaily (Sep. 17, 2011) — A "hidden" code linked to the DNA of plants allows them to develop and pass down new biological traits far more rapidly than previously thought, according to the findings of a groundbreaking study by researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.
The study, published September 16 in the journal Science, provides the first evidence that an organism's "epigenetic" code -- an extra layer of biochemical instructions in DNA -- can evolve more quickly than the genetic code and can strongly influence biological traits. [...]
"Our study shows that it's not all in the genes,"
said Joseph Ecker, a professor in Salk's Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Laboratory, who led the research team. "We found that these plants have an epigenetic code that's more flexible and influential than we imagined. There is clearly a component of heritability that we don't fully understand. It's possible that we humans have a similarly active epigenetic mechanism that controls our biological characteristics and gets passed down to our children."
Ecker said the results of the study provide some of the first evidence that the epigenetic code can be rewritten quickly and to dramatic effect. "This means that genes are not destiny," he said. "If we are anything like these plants, our epigenome may also undergo relatively rapid spontaneous change that could have a powerful influence on our biological traits."
"We think these epigenetic events might silence genes when they aren't needed, then turned them back on when external conditions warrant," Ecker said. [The environment is the external switch.]
This new level of enlightenment comes after arrogant geneticists told people for at least 50 years that they were only a product of inherited DNA and there was nothing they could do about it... this is the so-called Central Dogma of Biology which is now well and truly defunct... Well, the old time religion of the primacy of DNA has now been completely overturned and it seems DNA is controlled by genetic programming that is determined by the environment and for humans that includes our emotions and beliefs...
A new arrow for the Central Dogma of Biology?
The Evolving Scientist, 16th June 2011
The Central Dogma of Biology is a concept for life that has been engraved into my brain since I sat in high-school biology. Superseding that, I have been shoving the central dogma down the throats of every undergraduate student who sits in the courses I have TA'ed. Simply stated, the central dogma encompasses the idea that three types of molecules: DNA, RNA and Amino Acids (proteins), are central to all life. The relationship between the molecules is such that DNA contains a specific code, which is used to create RNA, which is used to create Protein. It is called the "Central Dogma of Biology" because every living organism humans have studied uses this paradigm (with very few exceptions). While according to Jacques Monod, dogma means "a belief that cannot be doubted," you will learn that it should and can be doubted.
I love the irony of the name, The Evolving Scientist...
Researchers Identify Seventh and Eighth Bases of DNA
Science Daily, 21st July 2011
For decades, scientists have known that DNA consists of four basic units -- adenine, guanine, thymine and cytosine. Those four bases have been taught in science textbooks and have formed the basis of the growing knowledge regarding how genes code for life. Yet in recent history, scientists have expanded that list from four to six.
Now, with a finding published online in the July 21, 2011, issue of the journal Science, researchers from the UNC School of Medicine have discovered the seventh and eighth bases of DNA.
Are these really new bases or evolution right under the noses of geneticists? I thought the same when the announced the discovery of the 5th and 6th bases of DNA. My knowledege of genetics is very limited but we are talking about fundamental changes in the structure of DNA,it's like sayin that the English alphabet has just gone from 26 to 52 letters, just think about that... So, why are they saying these are NEW as opposed to saying these are previously undiscovered bases of DNA? Whatever, we await a better explanation of what is really going on.
Laser is produced by a living cell
BBC News, 13th June 2011
A single living cell has been coaxed into producing laser light, researchers report in Nature Photonics.
The technique starts by engineering a cell that can produce a light-emitting protein that was first obtained from glowing jellyfish. Flooding the resulting cells with weak blue light causes them to emit directed, green laser light. [...]
The authors note in an accompanying interview in the journal that the living system is a "self-healing" laser; if the light-emitting proteins are destroyed in the process, the cell will simply produce more.
"In cellular sensing, we may be able to detect intracellular processes with unprecedented sensitivity," they said.
"For light-based therapeutics, diagnosis and imaging, people think about how to deliver emission from an external laser source deep into tissue. Now we can approach this problem in another way: by amplifying light in the tissue (itself)."
Actually, DNA produces ultraweak biophoton emission that have been commonly referred to as the aura. The best known researcher is German biophysicist Fritz-Albert Popp, who has been researching the laser light emissions from living systems for decades. Presumably, as this research is designated as photomedicine, scientists are trying to understand this process and how it can be used to enhance healing with light.
First cloned cat turns 10
Houston Chronical, 17th May 2011
Whatever happened to CC, the world's first cloned cat? It seems like only yesterday CC's baby pictures were being flashed around the world as Texas A&M University researchers presented their scientific triumph to the media.
Almost 10 years later CC, aka Copy Cat, is still in the College Station area. She has a mate, Smokey, and they live with their three offspring in a cat mansion built by Dr. Duane C. Kraemer, an A&M researcher who helped bring CC into the world. [...]
Brown-and-white CC, born Dec. 22, 2001, does not look exactly like the original calico donor, Rainbow, a domestic shorthair with white, brown and orange coloring.
Duane Kraemer likes to say that CC, being a self-respecting Aggie cat, didn't want to have anything to do with orange, so she didn't use the orange gene. However, there is a scientific explanation involving epigenetic reprogramming and color-coded X chromosomes to account for her physical appearance.
After CC's birth, the pet-clone company and A&M ended their relationship, partly because the university was uncomfortable marketing cloning as a type of pet resurrection, according to "The Copied Cat" chapter of Dog, Inc.: The Uncanny Inside Story of Cloning Man's Best Friend (Avery; $26). The researchers were not trying to re-create the same animal, just one with the same genetic makeup, according to John Woestendiek's new book that looks at the scientists, pet owners and entrepreneurs who can become entangled in cloning issues. Kraemer says there is no way to know whether Rainbow, who was raised in a colony of cats used for research, and CC have the same personalities.
CC or 'Carbon Copy' proved that the concept of "cloning" is actually impossible because the environment or
epigentic factors are constantly modifying genes and there is no way that humans have the ability to tamper with this process. CC was actually proof of a huge FAIL by geneticists to understand the relation between biology and the direct link with environmental factors.
Biology's 'dark matter' hints at fourth domain of life
New Scientist, 18th March 2011
Step far enough back from the tree of life and it begins to look quite simple. At its heart are just three stout branches, representing the three domains of life: bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. But that's too simple, according to a band of biologists who believe we may be on the verge of discovering the fourth domain of life.
The bold statement is the result of an analysis of water samples collected from the world's seas. Jonathan Eisen at the University of California, Davis, Genome Center has identified gene sequences hidden within these samples that are so unusual they seem to have come from organisms that are only distantly related to cellular life as we know it. So distantly related, in fact, that they may belong to an organism that sits in an entirely new domain.
Most species on the planet look like tiny single cells, and to work out where they fit on the tree of life biologists need to be able to grow them in the lab. Colonies like this give them enough DNA to run their genetic analyses. The problem is, the vast majority of these species – 99 per cent of them is a reasonable bet – refuse to be cultured in this way. "They really are the dark matter of the biological universe," says Eisen.
"The question is, what are they from?" says Eisen. Because the team has no idea what organism the genes belong to, the question remains unanswered. There are two possibilities, he says. "They could represent an unusual virus, which is interesting enough. More interestingly still, they could represent a totally new branch in the tree of life."
Further analysis of the samples could determine whether the two gene families studied have evolved unusually rapidly or are from a cellular organism with a universally bizarre genome, he says.
OK, so we have organisms that live in the sea with bizarre genomes, so what? Scientists are constantly telling us they have misunderstood how the universe works, is this supposed to be news? We have plasma entities that have been around for billions of years, floating around us that the vast majority of scientists do not even want to acknowledge exist, despite the hard evidence. So, what is surprising about some strange stuff in the sea, the universe is inherently strange to narrow minded humans.
Don't expect genome breakthroughs yet, expert says
Yahoo News, 10th February 2011
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Scientists should dial down expectations about breakthroughs from mapping the human genome because it will take years to make sense of all the information, a leader of the mapping project says.
Ten years after the first full sequence of the human genome was published, medicine has not been transformed -- and no one should have expected that, argues Dr. Eric Green of the National Human Genome Research Institute.
"Genomics is an information science and we now have information overload," Green said in a telephone interview. "Our ability to generate that information has outpaced our ability to analyze it."
While scientists have gathered "vaults of information," he said, "That doesn't mean that we will cure people or we will change clinical practice in the next 10 years."
I suppose this announcement is to damp down expectations for people who invested in genome research who now find that the target of being able to manipulate human DNA was based on incomplete knowledge, (see previous blog comments) and therefore expectations of huge profits for investing in early startups were completely unrealistic.
Evolution by mistake
PhysOrg.com, 24th January 2011
A major driving force of evolution comes from mistakes made by cells and how organisms cope with the consequences, University of Arizona biologists have found. Their discoveries offer lessons for creating innovation in economics and society.
Charles Darwin based his groundbreaking theory of natural selection on the realization that genetic variation among organisms is the key to evolution.
Some individuals are better adapted to a given environment than others, making them more likely to survive and pass on their genes to future generations. But exactly how nature creates variation in the first place still poses somewhat of a puzzle to evolutionary biologists.
Now, Joanna Masel, associate professor in the UA's department of ecology and evolutionary biology, and postdoctoral fellow Etienne Rajon discovered the ways organisms deal with mistakes that occur while the genetic code in their cells is being interpreted greatly influences their ability to adapt to new environmental conditions – in other words, their ability to evolve.
"Evolution needs a playground in order to try things out," Masel said. "It's like in competitive business: New products and ideas have to be tested to see whether they can live up to the challenge."
This evolutionary mechanism discovered in organisms, has got nothing to do with ideas proposed by Darwin's Theory of Evolution. An organism has an inbuilt ability to adapt to new environmental stimulus within a certain degree and this is achieved by permitting dna copying "mistakes" to be stored and used later, if they are beneficial to permit evolutionary changes and adaptation to new environmental conditions. This means organisms do not wait for drastic environmental changes to occur that threatens survival and then sit around waiting for some random dna mutation to come along to change its DNA blueprint to help it survive. This explains how organisms can evolve at will, because the blueprint is designed to be flexible. This has nothing to with The Dogma believed by Darwinists who for 250 years have claimed that change can only take place over millions of years. Today, we are seeing rapid changes in DNA that can take place in only decades, hence there are far more interesting theories that can be cited that help us understand the creative intelligence that supports evolutionary change.
Why Your Genes Don't Determine Your Health
Huffington Post, 1st January 2011
The decoding of the human genome at the dawn of the millennium carried the hope and promise of the beginning of the end of human suffering. However, after more than a decade of intense exploration of the human genome the burden of human disease and suffering has only increased across the globe. [...]
The story of your health is much more complex than genetic programming. It is ultimately determined by the dynamic interplay of the environment washing over genes creating the "you" of this moment. The good news is that this has been the year of discoveries about "omics"--epigenomics, exposomics, nutrigenomics and microbiomics and toxigenomics--that do, in fact, hold the key to unlocking our health and disease mysteries.
The Epigenome: Bypassing Darwin and Evolution
More important than our collection of genes, it now appears, is how those genes are controlled by both internal and external factors--our thoughts, stress, social connections, what we eat, our level of physical and mental activity, and our exposure to microbes and environmental toxins. These factors are switches that turn genes on and off and determine which proteins are expressed. The expressed proteins, in turn, trigger signals of disease or health.
What's even more striking is that if your DNA is tagged by an environmental factor, such as a pesticide, the impact this environmental factor has on your genes can be passed down through generations. The "epigenome" become inheritable. That means if your grandmother ate too much sugar, or smoked, or was exposed to mercury from too much sushi, the genetic modifications she incurred from this exposure could affect you. Her epigenome would carry an increased risk of disease that could be passed down from generation to generation. Interestingly, the Darwinian and Lamarckian worldviews are intersecting in 2010.
It's taken a long time but the intellectual 'elite' have been forced to abandon Darwin's Theory of Evolution (1859) that has reigned supreme and geneticists are now following in the footsteps of Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829) who was reviled and died in disgrace. The new enlightenment reminds me of the following biblical quote:
Exodus 20:5,6: “For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.”
In reality, this discovery strengthens more metaphysical beliefs that our thoughts affect our well being. Personally, I think this is a hornet's nest and I would like to clarify that it is our unconscious beliefs through systematic programming from others that is the biggest problem for most people. More:
Why Your DNA Isn't Your Destiny
Time, 6th January 2010
Bruce Lipton - The Biology of Belief
Red Ice Radio, December 16, 2007
Bruce Lipton PhD joins us to talk about his book "the Biology of Belief" and his amazing research on consciousness and biology. From the Book: "The Biology of Belief is a groundbreaking work in the field of new biology. Author Dr. Bruce Lipton is a former medical school professor and research scientist, have examined in great detail the mechanisms by which cells receive and process information. The implications of this research radically change our understanding of life. It shows that genes and DNA do not control our biology; that instead DNA is controlled by signals from outside the cell, including the energetic messages emanating from our positive and negative thoughts." Don't miss our continuation of our interview with Bruce Lipton.
Genetic Dark Matter
Science News, December 2010
[...] Yet there is uncertainty in biology. Genes that run in families explain only some of the wide variety of physical appearances among people and their susceptibility to diseases. Much uncertainty in what causes these differences remains. [...]
Researchers know that the cause of the unexplained genetic variation, dubbed “missing heritability,” must be out there somewhere. Like dark matter, says Olivier Harismendy, a genomicist at the University of California, San Diego, “we know it’s there, but we just can’t grasp it.”
Researchers know that the cause of the unexplained genetic variation, dubbed “missing heritability,” must be out there somewhere. Like dark matter, says Olivier Harismendy, a genomicist at the University of California, San Diego, “we know it’s there, but we just can’t grasp it.”
These geneticists are desperately trying to cling onto their dogma of "heritability," despite the fact that the evidence shows that epigenetic factors often overide inherited genes. We know it is impossible to produce an exact clone due to epigenetic environmental signals that modify the dna blueprint and even 'identical twins' are never really identical and they will grow more different with age. Looking at this from a mathematical perspective is quite interesting and from metaphysical viewpoint, that "uncertainty" factor can be steered by human consciousness. Well, the whole planet is now being deluged by cosmic energies that we don't fully understand and human dna is being modified, whether people realise it or not. This is the proverbially sorting out of the wheat from the chaff and the result will be a new "mutant" human, as our evolutionary biologists are already predicting. The whole point of why I am bothering to point this out, is that as the terms and conditions for living on this planet change, not everyone will have the correctly modified dna hardware to take humanity forward to the next stage of human development. That is being determined by Cosmic Intelligence and there is NOTHING that can be done to modify this Universal Directive, we just have to learn how to cooperate.
Dolly the Sheep 'reborn' as four new clones created
Daily Mail, 30th November 2010
Four clones of Dolly the Sheep have been made by the scientist behind the original genetic research, it has been reported.
The quads, nicknamed “The Dollies”, are said to be exact genetic copies of their predecessor, who was put down seven years ago. Dolly was plagued by health problems and suffered from premature arthritis. She was put down in 2003 after contracting lung disease.
“Dolly is alive and well. Genetically these are Dolly,” Professor Keith Campbell, who keeps the Dollies as pets on land at Nottingham University, told the Daily Mail.
I would like to point out that even though the genetic material used to create these sheep might be the same, it is IMPOSSIBLE for the "cloned" sheep to be identical because Epigenetic environmental signals modify the DNA blueprint. Yes, but this is not quite as abhorrent as believing the case for astrology and your DNA receiving a magnetic timestamp the day you are born, but quite frankly, I believe this is the same principle of Epigenetics by another name. Anyway, to obtain funding, geneticists claimed that pet owners could cloned their pets, but scientists were then shocked to find that in experiments with cats, actually getting cloning to work was fraught with difficulty, but when it did work, the cat offspring were NOTHING like their progenitors! The case of the cat CC or Carbon Copy is the best example that I am aware of when scientists have actually admitted the truth.
Scientists trick cells into switching identities
CT Central.com, 29th November 2010
NEW YORK (AP) -- Suppose you could repair tissue damaged by a heart attack by magically turning other cells into heart muscle, so the organ could pump effectively again.
Scientists aren't quite ready to do that. But they are reporting early success at transforming one kind of specialized cell directly into another kind, a feat of biological alchemy that doctors may one day perform inside a patient's body.
"I think everyone believes this is really the future of so-called stem-cell biology," says John Gearhart of the University of Pennsylvania, one of many researchers pursuing this approach.
The concept is two steps beyond the familiar story of embryonic stem cells, versatile entities that can be coaxed to become cells of all types, like brain and blood. Scientists are learning to guide those transformations, which someday may provide transplant tissue for treating diseases like Parkinson's or diabetes.
It's still experimental. But at its root, it's really just harnessing and speeding up what happens in nature: a versatile but immature cell matures into a more specialized one.
This kind of research goes back to the 1960s and maybe even earlier than that. However it's not a trick, rather it's about using electromagnetism and scalar fields to reprogram cells. This is something innate to certain universal forces, so when this happens spontaneously, we call it "a miracle".
Genes as Mirrors of Life Experiences
New York Times, 8th November 2010
For decades, researchers have ransacked the genetic pedigrees of people with mental illness, looking for common variations that combine to cause devastating conditions like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The search has stalled badly; while these disorders may involve genetic disruptions, no underlying patterns have surfaced — no single gene or genes that account for more than a tiny fraction of cases.
So scientists are turning their focus to an emerging field: epigenetics, the study of how people’s experience and environment affect the function of their genes.
Scientists are getting closer and closer to metaphysical beliefs. Epigenetics is about environmental signals and experiences modifying your dna and than means any electromagnetic signal in the environment, including your emotions. So, after 5 decades of geneticists insisting that an individual's fate is determined by their dna inheritance from their parents, this has now been falsified by the study of Epigenetics and that means many people have been believing in a falsehood for most of their lives.
DNA sequence may be lost in translation
Nature News, 5th November 2010
WASHINGTON DC – A mysterious phenomenon called 'RNA editing' could be unexpectedly widespread, according to a genome-wide examination of the effect in humans.
The study, which has yet to be published, was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics in Washington DC this week. The findings suggest that as many as 97% of gene transcripts are being altered once RNA molecules have been assembled into a template from the DNA code. However, some researchers warn that the results, although intriguing, might simply be the result of sequencing errors.
According to the textbook model of how genes are expressed, DNA is first transcribed to RNA, and the triplets of RNA bases formed in this process are then translated into specific amino acids in order to build proteins. But sometimes, RNA seems to edit the message, using specific mechanisms to alter or switch certain bases.
The phenomenon has been observed in a range of organisms and seems to increase the diversity of transcripts produced from a particular gene.
This looks like another piece of genetic dogma that is startng to unravel. Why would nature perform basically the same function twice unless there was a valid reason?
Paper-thin supercapacitor has higher capacitance when twisted than any non-twisted supercapacitor
PhysOrg.com, 23rd September 2010
In an effort to develop wearable electronics, researchers have designed a new ultra-thin supercapacitor that has a capacitance that is six times higher than that of any current commercial supercapacitor. What's more, the new supercapacitor was tested in a twisted state to demonstrate its good electrochemical properties with high flexibility. [...]
In tests, the researchers demonstrated that the new supercapacitor has a capacitance of 31.4 F/g when twisted, compared to 5.2 F/g for current commercial supercapacitors. The new supercapacitor also showed superior characteristics in other areas, such as a high power density, low leakage current, and long cycle life. The researchers predict that these properties could be further improved by optimizing the device's materials and structure, such as by shortening the distance between electrodes.
Maybe, this is a universal rule of nature that twisted superconductors (like DNA) have a far higher capacitance, but these scientists have not stated why. What is known is that even the most respected scientists know that this is a property associated with magnetism but cannot explain why this should be so.
Genetic Scientist: 'We Have Learned Nothing From the Genome'
Atlantic wire, 9th August 2010
Adam Keiper at National Review's The Corner stumbles upon human-genome-sequencer J. Craig Venter "pooh-pooh[ing] the scientific achievement that helped catapult him to international celebrity." In a rather lively interview with Der Spiegel, the biologist-businessman takes a few swings at his former rivals and estimates the "medical benefits" of the Human Genome Project at "close to zero to put it precisely."
Just as concerns regarding the sequencing were ill-founded, Venter argues, so were the hopes. "I can tell you from my own experience. I put my own genome on the Internet. People had the notion this was the scariest thing out there. But what happened? Nothing." Why was that? Because, he explains, we're just no good at reading the genome yet. "We couldn't even be certain what my eye color was. Isn't that sad?" He asks. Der Spiegel pushes back at Venter, with interesting results:
Well, here we have a little bit of honesty. The publicly funded Human Genome Project cost 4.5 billion dollars over the years 1988-2003, but according to this account, it was a waste of money and effort. Quite frankly, it's nice to know that the Universe has the upper hand and that geneticists have NO ability to tamper with DNA, as DNA requires an environmental component that modifies DNA according to Universal directives. What's interesting is that humans don't have more DNA than a worm with no brain, (about 19,000 genes) which emphasises that there could be other regulatory processes are at work. It's also known that there is more than one set of DNA in the human body, a fact that was overlooked by most experts for many years.
Thunderbolts.info, 30th June 2010
Experiments with electrostatic fields might illuminate biological diversity.
A major problem in biology is the internal motion of proteins. Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania using Magnetic Resonance Imaging were surprised to discover that the calmodulin protein molecule possesses an internal "jitter" that shakes it billions of times per second. This revelation led them to conclude that it is not merely the complex folded shape of such molecules that affects their function, but their internal movement.
According to Dr. Joshua Wand, “The situation is akin to the discussion in astrophysics in which theoreticians predict that there is dark matter, or energy, that no one has yet seen.”
Where the internal energy necessary for protein binding comes from is unknown at the present time, but it seems likely, based on research with electrostatic fields on various organisms, that there is an electrical component to the source.
Cell walls are arranged in a double layer configuration with positive and negative ion channels built-in.
A book called The Primeval Code (Der Urzeit-Code) was recently published in Switzerland, detailing experiments that demonstrate how a changing electric field can alter gametes so much that new species are created.
This is the original source article: The "Primeval Code" – the ecological alternative to controversial genetic engineering!
This is fascinating! OK, we have emphasis on an electrostatic field here but it's the magnetic field that delivers higher dimensional information, but I wonder if the higher potential means unhelpful environmental signals are kept at bay. We know that certain environmental signals cannot be shielded against and they deliver the higher dimensional DNA templates. So, according to the research of pioneers like Harold Saxon Burr, from Yale who was researching in the 1940s, the growth of a seed or egg is directed by the electromagnetic field that surrounds it, so presumably if that field changes, the instructions will change too. Thornhill is talking about electric arcs sweeping across Earth.... generating evolutionary change.... the answer to that is, yes it's coming!
'Junk DNA' drives cancer growth
PhysOrg.com, 2nd May 2010
Their studies have identified how 'junk' DNA promotes the growth of cancer cells in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma. Professor Constanze Bonifer (University of Leeds) and Dr Stephan Mathas (Charité, MDC) who co-led the study suspect that these pieces of 'junk' DNA, called 'long terminal repeats', can play a role in other forms of cancer as well. The work is published in Nature Medicine.
The researchers uncovered the process by which this 'junk DNA' is made active, promoting cancer growth.heir studies have identified how 'junk' DNA promotes the growth of cancer cells in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma. Professor Constanze Bonifer (University of Leeds) and Dr Stephan Mathas (Charité, MDC) who co-led the study suspect that these pieces of 'junk' DNA, called 'long terminal repeats', can play a role in other forms of cancer as well. The work is published in Nature Medicine.
The researchers uncovered the process by which this 'junk DNA' is made active, promoting cancer growth.
What surprises me is that there are not reports saying that all sorts of conditions are caused by Junk DNA. Some researchers are quite candid about their beliefs that the Junk represents "a cemetery of viruses" which often does not work in our best interests. However, there are mechanisms that can be used that allow for repair but it seems that maybe that has also been disabled in many humans. Also, New Hope Exists in Treating Inherited Disease By Suppressing DNA Mutations
Scientists discover 'traitor' human DNA helps viruses cause cancer
PhysOrg.com, 26th April 2010
The research, which was undertaken at the UCL Cancer Institute and funded by Cancer Research UK, and published in Nature Cell Biology today, revealed that viruses can exploit the body’s DNA - dampening its antiviral immune response and allowing infection to take hold more easily. [...]
Our immune system uses multiple ways to prevent or clear infection. In parallel, viruses have also evolved highly sophisticated counter-measures to escape from the human immune defence. [...]
“The viruses we tested have evolved with humans for millions of years and use a variety of biological tricks to establish life-long and mostly harmless infections. We discovered that it is likely that other viruses - which can cause diseases including cancer exploit the tiny molecules present in everyone’s DNA - called microRNA - to turn cells into a viral ‘hotel’ which they can check into - to cause infection - and spread.”
I was shocked the other day to read that the 98% of our human DNA, previously thought of as "junk", was described by some genome specialists as being a "cemetery of viruses". Most scientists now have a more optimistic viewpoint on what is going on, but after studying some of the latest scientific discoveries, the process of evolutionary change and metaphysical beliefs about the arrival of light codes to "repair" DNA, I think a scientific perspective of energies that can help human DNA be more effective against marauding viruses is probably scientifically more understandable.
Scientists discover new genetic sub-code
eScience News, 16th April 2010
The study, which will be published in today's issue of the journal Cell, led to the identification of novel sequence biases and their role in the control of genomic expression.
Each cell of an organism contains a copy of its genome, which is a sequence of deoxyribo nucleotides, also called DNA. The cell is able to translate some of the coding sequences into different proteins, which are necessary for an organism's growth, the repair of some tissues and the provision of energy. For this translation work, the cell follows a decoding procedure provided by the "genetic code", which tells what protein is made from a given sequence. [...]
The researchers from ETH and SIB now identified a new sub-code that determines at which rate given products must be made by the cell.
To be honest, I am not sure how NEW or MAJOR this discovery actually is because scientists often generate these kind of press releases. There is agreement that we only can understand about 2% of the DNA, but this figure varies and there are occasional press releases that tell us that scientists are starting to realise that the non-coding regions of the genome, far from being junk, contain thousands of regulatory elements that act as genetic "switches" to turn genes on or off. Russian scientists in the past have made claims that we don't understand the language used by the cells to communicate, which is held within the 98% of the "junk" DNA that we don't understand. What's more these pioneers claim that the foundation principle of these genetic languages is similar to the language of holographic images as well as texts constructed from human speech. Anyway, the more I study DNA, the more I understand the metaphysical implications of Light Codes and why they are important now.
Random Fluctuations Give Rise to Odd Genetic Phenomenon
Science Daily, 18th February 2010
For years, biologists have wondered how it is possible that not every person who carries a mutated gene expresses the trait or condition associated with the mutation.
This common but poorly understood phenomenon, known as incomplete penetrance, exists in a wide range of organisms, including humans.
Now, a team of MIT biophysicists has demonstrated that some cases of incomplete penetrance are controlled by random fluctuations in gene expression.
"It's not just nature or nurture," says Alexander van Oudenaarden, leader of the research team and a professor of physics and biology at MIT. "There is a random component to this. Molecules bounce around and find each other probabilistically. It doesn't work like clockwork."
It appears that evolution has produced networks of genes that smooth out the effects of those fluctuations, which are revealed only when there is a mutation in the pathway, says van Oudenaarden.
The other day, I had a major revelation about Light Codes. What amazes me is that I am not geneticist, but I still managed to understand the scientific implications of metaphysical messages about the arrival of energy that will repair our DNA. Meanwhile, the science behind what is taking place has not been widely discussed within the metaphysical community and no correlation made with universal cycles and how consciousness is delivered to Earth. Here this article talks about probabilities, which implies that even if you get energies that will be helpful to your spiritual evolution, it won't necessarily switch on and genes could stay dormant. Regardless, the wise are giving the intent to switch on newly repaired DNA even if they don't fully understand the science. Meanwhile, the new science of Epigenetics and the study of the influence of environmental factors like our own emotions and beliefs is now centre stage because there are signs that rapid changes are taking place within the human genome.
Are Men More Evolved Than Women?
Men might not be so primitive after all.
Discovery News, 13th January 2010
Women may think of men as primitive, but new research indicates that the Y chromosome -- the thing that makes a man male -- is evolving far faster than the rest of the human genetic code.
A new study comparing the Y chromosomes from humans and chimpanzees, our nearest living relatives, show that they are about 30 percent different. That is far greater than the 2 percent difference between the rest of the human genetic code and that of the chimp's,
according to a study appearing online Wednesday in the journal Nature.
These changes occurred in the last 6 million years or so, relatively recently when it comes to evolution.
"The Y chromosome appears to be the most rapidly evolving of the human chromosomes,"
said study co-author Dr. David Page, director of the prestigious Whitehead Institute in Cambridge and a professor of biology at MIT. "It's an almost ongoing churning of gene reconstruction. It's like a house that's constantly being rebuilt."
Before men get too impressed with themselves, lead author Jennifer Hughes offers some words of caution: Just because the Y chromosome, which determines gender, is evolving at a speedy rate it doesn't necessarily mean men themselves are more evolved.
Researchers took the most detailed examination of the Y chromosome, which females do not have, of both humans and chimps and found entire sections dramatically different. There were even entire genes on the human Y chromosome that weren't on the chimp,
said Hughes, also of the Whitehead Institute.
The two-year research took twice as long as expected because of the evolutionary changes found, Hughes said.
Hmmm... I think there needs to be more explanations here, but my preliminary thoughts are that this research has profound implications for our understanding that we are experiencing rapid evolutionary change.
Evolutionary Surprise: Eight Percent of Human Genetic Material Comes from a Virus
Science Daily, 8th January 2010
About eight percent of human genetic material comes from a virus and not from our ancestors, according to researchers in Japan and the U.S.
The study, and an accompanying News & Views article by University of Texas at Arlington biology professor Cédric Feschotte, is published in the journal Nature.
The research showed that the genomes of humans and other mammals contain DNA derived from the insertion of bornaviruses, RNA viruses whose replication and transcription takes place in the nucleus. Feschotte wrote on recent research led by Professor Keizo Tomonaga at Osaka University in Japan. Feschotte said this virally transmitted DNA may be a cause of mutation and psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and mood disorders.
In his article, Feschotte speculates about the role of such viral insertions in causing mutations with evolutionary and medical consequences.
This news suggests that human evolution is much more likely to be influenced or even driven by cosmic factors. We know for certain that viruses are manufactured in comet tails and despite the fact that this is not widely known outside of the science of astrobiology, the mediaeval Latin word influentia signified "influence of the stars". Today, it is proven that the dust in interstellar space and comets are largely organic and in some instances carries molecules which trigger viruses. Hence, scientists can predict when planetary conditions are more likely to be bring humans into contact with these viruses and thus they can predict the greater likelihood of epidemics..... Here, we are given detail about a certain type of virus, but the question of where viruses originate generally is left unanswered.
Your Christmas Tree Has Seven Times More DNA Than You Do!
Science Daily, 21st December 2009
Take a close look at your Christmas tree -- it has seven times more genetic material (DNA) than you do!
Why this is so is still largely unknown, but now the DNA of the spruce is going to be mapped by Swedish researchers from UmeÅ Plant Science Center (a collaboration between the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) and UmeÅ University), the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), and the Karolinska Institute (KI), with the aid of a SEK 75 million grant from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation.
Sometimes it really makes you wonder just how blindsided the scientific community has become with their dogma and beliefs. Not that long ago, it was pointed out that billions of dollars had been wasted on the massive Genome Project when it was discovered that the DNA in the blood is not the same as the DNA elsewhere in the body. Whoops! A massive assumption that humans only have one set of DNA! Then there is the admission after 80 years that DNA is tuned by the environment to make the 100,000 proteins from about 20,000 genes, the evidence was staring scientists in the face, but the dogma of the primacy of DNA was more powerful than true science. At the end of the day, scientists cannot have complete contol over DNA because the environmental programming is also interdimensional. This article reveals the absurd reasoning that implies that a friggin tree is more complex and therefore more evolved than a human.
What Drives Our Genes? Researchers Map The First Complete Human Epigenome
Science Daily, 15th October 2009
"Although the human genome sequence faithfully lists (almost) every single DNA base of the roughly 3 billion bases that make up a human genome, it doesn't tell biologists much about how its function is regulated. Now, researchers at the Salk Institute provide the first detailed map of the human epigenome, the layer of genetic control beyond the regulation inherent in the sequence of the genes themselves."
Epigenetics — the study of how genes are turned on and off — is now one of the most important areas of science, but the most amazing thing is that our scientists now realise that our genes are actually influenced or even controlled by our environment. As we are facing rapid evolutionary change, human intent to go along with new cosmic directives can now be more fully understood. There is also another report about DNA and the human Genome Revealed: The human genome in 3D
and here we are told that scientists are giving up their mechanistic thinking to apply a more holistic approach by studying geometry. Studies have proven that DNA has "telepathic" abilities and can recognise similar functioning DNA. The metaphysics of changing energies is old and confined to certain esoteric traditions, but it seems that scientists may yet provide us with a scientific perspective, that has already been handed down to us by the ancients.
The DNA Mystery: Scientists Stumped By "Telepathic" Abilities
Daily Galaxy, 22nd September 2009
DNA has been found to have a bizarre ability to put itself together, even at a distance, when according to known science it shouldn't be able to. Explanation: None, at least not yet.
Scientists are reporting evidence that contrary to our current beliefs about what is possible, intact double-stranded DNA has the “amazing” ability to recognize similarities in other DNA strands from a distance. Somehow they are able to identify one another, and the tiny bits of genetic material tend to congregate with similar DNA. The recognition of similar sequences in DNA’s chemical subunits, occurs in a way unrecognized by science.
There is no known reason why the DNA is able to combine the way it does, and from a current theoretical standpoint this feat should be chemically impossible.
I think this observation has been reported elsewhere in recent months. However, rather than stating that DNA is 'telepathic', maybe, it's more useful to say that DNA has intelligence and can interpret incoming signals whether electromagnetic or scalar type fields to decide how to operate, this has already been noted with receptors and cellular communication. From a metaphysical point of view, we can also co-operate with our biology by our emotions and intent because that is also picked up amongst the myriad of other environmental signals.
Early 20th Century Evolutionist May Have Discovered Epigenetics
Science Daily, 3rd September 2009
A new study into the research of the renowned Lamarckian experimentalist Paul Kammerer may help to end the controversy which has engulfed his research for almost a century.
The study, published in The Journal of Experimental Zoology, suggests that far from being a fraud Kammerer may have discovered the field of epigenetics, placing him decades ahead of his contemporaries. [...]
Now Dr. Alexander Vargas, from the University of Chile, has re-examined Kammerer's experiments finding remarkable resemblances to newly discovered aspects of epigenetics, a flourishing new field of science which studies influences in inheritance beyond the DNA sequence.
"Today Kammerer's scientific legacy is non-existent and he is often cited as an example of scientific fraud," said Vargas. "However, the specific similarities of Kammerer's experiments to epigenetic mechanisms are very unlikely to have been the result of his imagination. These new biological arguments provide a modern context suggesting that Kammerer could be the actual discoverer of epigenetic inheritance."
Vargas has studied Kammerer's evidence, as summarized in his 1920's research notes, and found that Kammerer reported hybrid crosses of treated and untreated toads in which 'parent-of-origin effects' can be observed, a recurrent phenomenon in epigenetics. Kammerer also reported that his toads developed larger bodies than untreated land toads and that their eggs were smaller and contained less egg-yolk than normal. These are traits that are known to be influenced by epigenetic mechanisms.
Well, this is a pattern repeated over and over again in the scientific world. Kammerer might have tried to use a shortcut to persuade his peers that he was right, but obviously, the consequences brought tragedy. So, now he has been proven right, but it's taken about 80 years for scientists in his field to catch up.
Chemicals can turn genes on and off; new tests needed, scientists say.
Environmental Health News, 3rd August 2009
"A National Academies workshop examined the evidence of epigenetic effects and considered whether the thousands of chemicals in use today should be tested for them.
Some pollutants and chemicals don't kill cells or mutate DNA. Instead, they may be more subtle, muting genes or turning them on at the wrong time, which can lead to diseases that are passed on for generations.
Asthma in New York City children exposed to traffic exhaust is an example, experts say.
Each of us starts life with a particular set of genes, 20,000 to 25,000 of them. Now scientists are amassing a growing body of evidence that pollutants and chemicals might be altering those genes—not by mutating them, but by sending subtle signals that silence them or switch them on at the wrong times. Last week, several dozen researchers and experts convened by the National Academies tackled this complicated topic, called epigenetics, at a two-day workshop in Washington, D.C. They discussed new findings that suggest chemicals in our environment and in our food can alter genes, leaving people vulnerable to a variety of diseases and disorders, including diabetes, asthma, cancer and obesity. They also considered whether regulatory agencies and industry should start testing the thousands of chemicals in use today for these effects."
There are old websites that still state that humans have about 100,000 genes and according to Bruce Lipton's book, The Biology of Belief
 before The Human Genome Project, scientists were expecting humans to posesses 120,000 genes. Yet, according to the research stated in Lipton's book, humans have only 25,000 genes. [Pennisi 2003a & 2003b; Pearson 2003; Goodman 2003]. I think I have quoted on this website 30,000 - 40,000 genes and I think that is because scientists are still embarrassed that the entire human genome only has 1,500 more genes than the microscopic nematode roundworm Caenorhabdtitis elegans
[Blaxter 2003] which only has a poorly developed brain. Yet, here this expert has dropped this figure down even lower to 20,000-25,000 genes! I think the answer to all this, is the announcement a few weeks ago that DNA is not the same in the blood as in the tissue of cells and scientists have to go back to the drawing board. From a metaphysical point a view, I am already hedging my bets as to how many sets of DNA they will eventually discover. However, this article is about Epigenetics, where scientists now realise that the environment 'tunes' the DNA blueprint and produces the 100,000 proteins in the human body. Again, the discussion of chemicals disguises the fact that chemicals are just a dance of electromagnetic charges and that is why DNA can be 'tuned' by human intent. This must be the case as miracles do occur on a regular basis.
Reprogramming Human Cells Without Inserting GenesResearch Team at WPI and CellThera Discovers a Way to Turn on Stem Cell Genes in Human Skin Cells Without Using Viruses or Inserting New Genes.
WPI News, 29th July 2009
"WORCESTER, Mass. – A research team comprised of faculty at Worcester Polytechnic Institute's (WPI) Life Sciences and Bioengineering Center (LSBC) and investigators at CellThera, a private company also located at the LSBC, has discovered a novel way to turn on stem cell genes in human fibroblasts (skin cells) without the risks associated with inserting extra genes or using viruses. This discovery opens a new avenue for reprogramming cells that could eventually lead to treatments for a range of human diseases and traumatic injuries by coaxing a patient's own cells to repair and regenerate the damaged tissues."
Fortunately, we don't have to wait for scientists to work this out when humans are quite capable of interacting with the environment and attracting energies that automatically rejuvenate the human body.
Unshakeable self-confidence is in the genes, claim scientists
The Telegraph, 21st July 2009
"Scientists believe that many people are born winners with a rock solid self-confidence as much to do with nature as it is with nurture. The new belief that this is something people are born with conflicts with previous theories that confidence is based on upbringing and other environmental factors. Psychiatrists now say that the ability to perform under pressure may be something some people are born with."
Scientists now realise that the dogma that we are limited in our potential by our inherited DNA is now proven to be wrong. Old metaphysical literature emphasises karma, but the link between the emotional and mental levels of the human energy fields and our DNA are at best hazy. However, with the developing science of Epigenetics and the new understanding of the role of the diamond light grid and light codes, it is now becoming clearer as to how these all link together and how humans can use intent to evolve their consciousness.
DNA Not The Same In Every Cell Of Body: Major Genetic Differences Between Blood And Tissue Cells Revealed
Science Daily, 16th July 2009
"Research by a group of Montreal scientists calls into question one of the most basic assumptions of human genetics: that when it comes to DNA, every cell in the body is essentially identical to every other cell. Their results appear in the July issue of the journal Human Mutation.
This discovery may undercut the rationale behind numerous large-scale genetic studies conducted over the last 15 years, studies which were supposed to isolate the causes of scores of human diseases.
Except for cancer, samples of diseased tissue are difficult or even impossible to take from living patients. Thus, the vast majority of genetic samples used in large-scale studies come in the form of blood. However, if it turns out that blood and tissue cells do not match genetically, these ambitious and expensive genome-wide association studies may prove to have been essentially flawed from the outset.
AAA is one of the rare vascular diseases where tissue samples are removed as part of patient therapy. When they compared them, the researchers discovered major differences between BAK genes in blood cells and tissue cells coming from the same individuals, with the suspected disease "trigger" residing only in the tissue. Moreover, the same differences were later evident in samples derived from healthy individuals."
Comment: Well, there you go... a MAJOR assumption unquestioned for decades could mean that the huge effort by thousands of scientists into genome research could be fundamentally flawed!
It just goes to show what happens when people don't query basic assumptions, but fall into line with concensus to only find out that they have been wasting their time. There is a good reason for the emphasis on cost too when the Human Genome Project cost 2.7 billion dollars over 13 years and the final conclusion there caused consternation and major embarrassment when it was revealed that humans only have about double the number of genes as a worm with a poorly developed brain! The real discovery was that our DNA blueprint is actually 'tuned' by the environment and our consciousness. That is why my book Tuning The Diamonds
was appropriately called in this time of evolutionary change as the diamonds are the multi-dimensional holographic project of DNA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Of course, the propensity for most humans to just accept whatever they are told and not ask questions causes major problems with spiritual development too. So now we have got to the stage where channelled messages are stressing that the human energy field is evolving, but it is apparent that very few know enough to be able to ask some pertinent questions and truly understand what's really going on. Note
Science Daily updated the headline so it has been changed here too.
New Way That Cells Fix Damage To DNA Discovered
Science Daily, 11th June 2009
"A team of researchers at The Scripps Research Institute and other institutions has discovered a new way by which DNA repairs itself, a process that is critical to the protection of the genome, and integral to prevention of cancer development.
Scientists who study the repair of the DNA bases, which make up the information in the human genome, had known of only one type of method that cells use to fix a specific kind of damage to their DNA, but in the June 11, 2009 issue of Nature, the team found a novel way—one that combines elements from the known mechanisms and an unrelated second method that was previously not known to play a role in this type of DNA repair.
"We found a connection between the known DNA repair processes that people did not know was there," says Professor John Tainer, a member of the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology at Scripps Research, who led the study with Geoffrey P. Margison of the University of Manchester (United Kingdom) and Anthony E. Pegg of the Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine. "This changes the game, and gives us something important to look for in cancers that are resistant to chemotherapy."
How do they know that this is a new discovery and not an evolutionary change? It's like the discovery that there is now 6 nucleotides bases of DNA and not 4. Then there is the revelation from the Human Genome Project that human blueprints are not that numerous, ie there are only 40,000 human genes, whereas worms have 19,000 genes. The complexity of humans is explained by the fact that genes are 'tuned' by the environment. This is a fact that had stared scientists in the face for decades
but it was only after 50 years of research that scientists finally admitted that they do not have the level of control over biology that they were hoping for. This means that even clones can NEVER be exactly the same because the 'environment' at the moment of cloning determines the outcome and we have examples of cloned animals that have different characteristics and personalities to their parent. (Is this some evidence for the veracity of astrology and an electromagnetic imprint that occur at birth or even at the moment of conception?). When you understand that we are in a period of rapid evolutionary change and a new human is evolving, it makes you wonder about the cock-sure attitude of scientists and humans who still think they can control everything!
Does DNA Have Telepathic Properties?-A Galaxy Insight
Daily Galaxy, 28th April 2009
"DNA has been found to have a bizarre ability to put itself together, even at a distance, when according to known science it shouldn't be able to. Explanation: None, at least not yet.
Scientists are reporting evidence that contrary to our current beliefs about what is possible, intact double-stranded DNA has the “amazing” ability to recognize similarities in other DNA strands from a distance. Somehow they are able to identify one another, and the tiny bits of genetic material tend to congregate with similar DNA. The recognition of similar sequences in DNA’s chemical subunits, occurs in a way unrecognized by science. There is no known reason why the DNA is able to combine the way it does, and from a current theoretical standpoint this feat should be chemically impossible."
Scientists keep talking about chemistry when in fact chemicals are just a dance of electromagnetic charges. The DNA helical structure is a holographic projector of DNA code and it also retrieves signals from the environment that provide instructions for coding. The 'diamonds' in the human enegy field are just the fifth dimensional representation of our DNA and as our electrical engineers tell us, the octahedron or diamond shape is the perfect receiver and transmitter of electromagnetic signals. The scientific support for this notion is available in my book 'Tuning the Diamonds'. Scientists are now realising that DNA responds to signals from the environment and the experiment outlined here is just verification. Note the image of DNA as the 'gameboard of life'. This concept has been retained and past down through esotetric societies and metaphysical sources are adamant that the gameboard is 64 squares or diamonds depending on persective, the same as the number of DNA codons.
New Gene Switch Sows Epigenetic Doubts
Wired Science, 17th April 2009
"Once upon a time, researchers knew that DNA contained four nucleotides: A, T, C and G. Then they found a fifth. And now they've found a sixth. Called 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, it's a form of the fifth nucleotide, technically known as 5-methylcytosine.
Like its forerunner, it helps turn genes on and off, but in ways that researchers didn't expect. "I think this finding will electrify the field of epigenetics," said Nathaniel Heintz, a Rockefeller University molecular biologist, in a press release accompanying the findings, published Thursday in Science. Epigenetics, or the study of gene activation, has blossomed since the Human Genome Project's completion in 2004. Controlled by a secondary layer of biochemical information — "epi" means "outside" — genes are turned on and off at different times and places in the body."
Hmmmm... quite a discovery. Biochemicals are just a dance of electromagnetic charges and so it seems more research is needed to resolve whether we are seeing evolution. Whatever, Epigenetics has already blown up the Central Dogma, thus the primacy of DNA has been replaced by the primacy of the environment and human consciousness can effect the activity of genes.
Genetic Code Mashups to Create New Species
Daily Galaxy, 26th March 2009
"Researchers smashed up the DNA of yeast cells using high energy X-Rays. How a team dedicated to creating mutant super-bread obtains funding is not made clear, but observation of the irradiated cells yielded interesting results: as the nuked microorganisms quite literally tried to pull themselves together, they didn't put things back the way they were. The repeated sections of DNA can cause broken pieces to be mixed and matched between entirely new chromosomes. This method of mutation is quite extreme, but such aberrations can happen without nuclear blasting (it just takes longer) and form part of the all-important biological diversification process."
OK, this article is relevant when extremely high energies are being generated in our own atmosphere that are producing x-rays and gamma rays. NASA tells us that cosmic rays are at an all time high and record Gamma Ray Bursts are occuring on a regular basis. It seems whatever the Universe can fling at us, we are getting it and probably energies that we have not even properly understood yet too. The problem now for people who have not been working on their energy fields is the danger of trying to integrate new energies too quickly and the danger of this was outlined in my book.
Soaring Autism Rates Linked to Environmental Causes
Natural News, 18th February 2009
A study recently published in the journal Epidemiology has suggested that rapid increases in autism rates in California cannot be explained by migratory trends and looser diagnosis criteria, but is instead most likely down to environmental exposures. Not exactly news to those well versed in natural healing, but perhaps such findings will finally represent a breakthrough of sorts for the scientific and medical community.[...]
Unfortunately, research resources are currently heavily skewed towards genetic factors - funding for studies conducted on such causes of autism is 10 to 20 times as much as funding for environmental factors.
"The advances in molecular genetics have tended to obscure the principle that genes are always acting in and on a particular environment. This article, I think, will restore some balance to our thinking,"
said Dr Bernard Weiss, a professor of environmental medicine and pediatrics at the University of Rochester Medical Center. He also said that "excessive emphasis has been placed on genetics as a cause".
And it is time for mindsets, especially those of people controlling research funds, to change. "It's time to start looking for the environmental culprits responsible for the remarkable increase in the rate of autism in California," said Dr Hertz-Picciotto, an epidemiology professor at University of California, Davis, the leader of the study.
"There's genetics and there's environment. And genetics don't change in such short periods of time," she also said.
This was echoed by Dr Weiss, who concurred that environmental factors should be more closely looked at. He also said that the autism rate reported in the UC Davis study "seems astonishing".
Well, the science of Epigenetics tells us that genetic code is modified by the environment, the basic gene remains the same but the protein output can vary. A good analogy is that the environmental signal acts in a similar way to how you would modify the reception on a radio receiver. Yes, humans have polluted the environment, but the basic environmental signals to support human life are changing fundmentally too. Since the science of Epigenetics is relatively new, only about 30 years old, we have scientists still grappling with old outdated ideas as outlined in this article.
Gene code mapping 'for all babies within 10 years'
Daily Mail, 9th February 2009
"Every baby could have its genetic code mapped out at birth within 10 years, a process which will predict conditions such as diabetes and heart disease and help prevent them. Jay Flatley, head of leading genome company Illumina, predicted a revolution in healthcare after the complete DNA read-out for every newborn becomes a technical reality. He said only social and legal issues would delay the process. But with many people reluctant to have their genome read for fear it could be used against them by employers or insurance companies, the process is expected to raise difficult questions over privacy."
It will take a long time to erradicate the 50 years of misinformation that various genetic conditions are inherited and that there is nothing that can be done. Research for the last three decades, now called epigenetics clearly shows that our environment and electromagnetic forces have a greater influence on which genes are switched on or off and therefore play a major part in health and heredity.
Why Darwin was wrong about the tree of life
New Scientist, 21st January 2009
"IN JULY 1837, Charles Darwin had a flash of inspiration. In his study at his house in London, he turned to a new page in his red leather notebook and wrote, "I think". Then he drew a spindly sketch of a tree. As far as we know, this was the first time Darwin toyed with the concept of a "tree of life" to explain the evolutionary relationships between different species.
"The tree-of-life concept was absolutely central to Darwin's thinking, equal in importance to natural selection,
according to biologist W. Ford Doolittle of Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Without it the theory of evolution would never have happened. The tree also helped carry the day for evolution. Darwin argued successfully that the tree of life was a fact of nature, plain for all to see though in need of explanation. The explanation he came up with was evolution by natural selection.
Others, however, don't think it is time to relax. Instead, they see the uprooting of the tree of life as the start of something bigger. "It's part of a revolutionary change in biology," says Dupré. "Our standard model of evolution is under enormous pressure. We're clearly going to see evolution as much more about mergers and collaboration than change within isolated lineages."
This article is fundamentally flawed as it does not mention the relationship between DNA and the environment even though the last 25 years of research has produced hundreds of papers that confirm this relationship. The results of the Human Genome Project was a massive shock to geneticists when they found that the number of genes could not account for the complexity of humans who had the same number of genes as a rat. The science of epigenetics which means "control above genetics" has revealed that DNA blueprints can be modified by the environment and specifically electromagnetic signals. Thus, anyone who still believes in the primacy of DNA is behind the times, this concept is now dead and this article, mourning the loss of one of Darwin's basic tenets, demonstrates the intransigence that exists in the scientific world.
Long-term pilots at higher DNA damage risk
UPI.com, 15th December 2008
"Pilots with long-term flying experience may be at risk of DNA damage from cosmic ionizing radiation, U.S. researchers suggest. Lee C. Yong of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in Cincinnati and colleagues compared the rate of chromosomal -- DNA -- abnormalities in blood samples taken from 83 airline pilots and 50 university faculty members from the same U.S. city, matched for age and smoking habits. [...]
However, when the analysis focused on how long pilots had been flying, differences emerged. The chromosome translocation frequency of those who had flown the most was more than twice that of those who had flown the least -- biologically significant -- after taking age into account."
This is a well known fact but in the extreme electromagnetic conditions that now exist around our planet, airline passengers are at risk too from short term exposure to radiation.
Memories may be stored on your DNA
New Scientist News, 3rd December 2008
"Remember your first kiss? Experiments in mice suggest that patterns of chemical "caps" on our DNA may be responsible for preserving such memories.
To remember a particular event, a specific sequence of neurons must fire at just the right time. For this to happen, neurons must be connected in a certain way by chemical junctions called synapses. But how they last over decades, given that proteins in the brain, including those that form synapses, are destroyed and replaced constantly, is a mystery. Now Courtney Miller and David Sweatt of the University of Alabama in Birmingham say that long-term memories may be preserved by a process called DNA methylation - the addition of chemical caps called methyl groups onto our DNA."
If memories are preserved by DNA then it means they can also be effected by external electromagnetic forces coming from the environment and our own thoughts.
'Orphan' Genes Play An Important Role In Evolution
Science Daily, 18th November 2008
"Closely related animal species share most of their genes and look almost identical. However, minor morphological differences allow us to tell them apart. What is the genetic basis for these differences?
Often, the explanation is provided by minor changes in spatial and temporal activity of transcription factors - "regulator" genes which are conserved throughout the animal kingdom. However, every group of animals also possesses a small proportion of genes which are, in contrary, extremely variable among closely related species or even unique. For example, a gene may be present in one species or animal group, but not in any other. Such genes are referred to as "novel," "orphan" or "taxonomically restricted". Their function and origin are often obscure. What are these genes needed for?"
"The data indicate that "novel" genes are involved in generation of novel morphological features that characterise different species, thus pointing the way to a new, more complete understanding of how evolution works at the level of a particular group of animals. Emergence of "novel" genes may reflect evolutionary processes which allow animals to adapt in the best way to changing environmental conditions and new habitats."
Hmmm.... Personally, I am worried about "novel" features appearing in humans as they are being seen in the aetheric template of some humans by the more 'gifted' folks. However, the day could arrive – who knows when that would be – when we get a manifestation into the physical..... Quite frankly, I really don't think the world is adequately prepared....
Imprint of famine seen in genes of Second World War babies 60 years on
The Times, 28th October 2008
"Malnourishment in the womb causes genetic changes that can still be seen when people reach middle and old age, according to new research that shows how strongly environmental influences can interact with the human genome to shape health.
A study of children born during the Dutch "Hunger Winter", a famine that struck at the end of the Second World War, has found that some still bear its lasting genetic legacy more than six decades on.
The results offer some of the best evidence yet for the importance of epigenetics, a process by which environmental factors can change the way genes are switched on and off in the body.
Epigenetics suggests that the genome can "remember" certain influences to which it is exposed, particularly early in life, which cause modifications to DNA that in turn alter the way it operates. On occasion, these changes may even be passed on from one generation to the next."
I suppose this gives us a basis to consider how other environmental factors, that we may not have much control over, have the ability to reprogram our genes.
Can Genetic Information Be Controlled By Light?
Science Daily, 10th October 2008
"DNA, the molecule that acts as the carrier of genetic information in all forms of life, is highly resistant against alteration by ultraviolet light, but understanding the mechanism for its photostability presents some puzzling problems. A key aspect is the interaction between the four chemical bases that make up the DNA molecule. Researchers at Kiel University have succeeded in showing that DNA strands differ in their light sensitivity depending on their base sequences."
Yes, genetic information can be controlled by light. This was done experimentally by the Russians in the mid 1990s.
'Junk DNA' May Have Triggered Key Evolutionary Changes In Human Thumb And Foot
Science Daily, 5th September 2008
"Out of the 3 billion genetic letters that spell out the human genome, Yale scientists have found a handful that may have contributed to the evolutionary changes in human limbs that enabled us to manipulate tools and walk upright." "In the last several years, scientists have discovered that non-coding regions of the genome, far from being junk, contain thousands of regulatory elements that act as genetic "switches" to turn genes on or off."
It's amazing that scientists would call parts of the human genome that they didn't understand junk in the first place....
Should we trust DNA?
RINF.com News, 28th July 2008
"The role of DNA testing in the justice system has seemed unassailable - who can argue with the odds of two people sharing the same genetic markers being, in some cases, as low as 1 in 113 billion? So DNA testing has been used to convict defendants in cases that are otherwise scant of evidence, and it's been used to spring prisoners who rotted in jail for decades for crimes that they said they didn't commit.
Now, it turns out that DNA might not be so reliable after all." "It isn't that the DNA technology is problematic," said David Faigman, the John F. Degardi Distinguished Professor of Law at UC Hastings School of Law. "It's that the explanation for what the DNA is doing that can be problematic. It tells you something, but perhaps it doesn't tell you everything that you want to know.""
Somehow, this report does not surprise me at all and follows the pattern of other scientific "dead certs".....
Newborns' DNA in US targeted for state research, profiling
WorldNetDaily.com, 19th April 2008
"The state of Minnesota has advanced a plan to own the DNA of newborns, preserving it in a warehouse for use in genetic research, experimentation, manipulation, and profiling, according to an advocacy organization seeking to protect the privacy of that individual information."
This report suggests to me that humans are being born with 'different' DNA and authorities want to track the changes.
DNA Found to Have "Impossible" Telepathic Properties
DailyGalaxy.com, 6th February 2008
"DNA has been found to have a bizarre ability to put itself together, even at a distance, when according to known science it shouldn't be able to. Explanation: None, at least not yet.
Scientists are reporting evidence that contrary to our current beliefs about what is possible, intact double-stranded DNA has the "amazing" ability to recognize similarities in other DNA strands from a distance. Somehow they are able to identify one another, and the tiny bits of genetic material tend to congregate with similar DNA. The recognition of similar sequences in DNA’s chemical subunits, occurs in a way unrecognized by science. There is no known reason why the DNA is able to combine the way it does, and from a current theoretical standpoint this feat should be chemically impossible."
Maybe DNA has interdimensional properties referred to as the "biological internet" by Russian reseachers that help DNA to co-ordinate their activity and do the "impossible". Certainly the electromagnetic force and accompanying scalar energies are also not considered by these scientists even though DNA can carry a current and is a really a mass of moving charge. Note the article image here clearly illustrating the "gameboard of life".
DNA is blueprint, contractor and construction worker for new
Eurekalert.org, 30th January 2008
"DNA is the blueprint of all life, giving instruction and function to organisms ranging
from simple one-celled bacteria to complex human beings. Now Northwestern University
researchers report they have used DNA as the blueprint, contractor and construction worker to build a three-dimensional structure out of gold, a lifeless material."
Tiny genetic differences have huge consequences: McGill researchers
EurekAlert.org, 18th January 2008
"A study led by McGill University researchers has demonstrated that small differences between individuals at the DNA level can lead to dramatic differences in the way genes produce proteins.
These, in turn, are responsible for the vast array of differences in physical characteristics between individuals."
Comment: Well, as our scientists try to understand how DNA works, most do not understand that our DNA is linked to the environment and our evolutionary progression is rapidly accelerating NOW.
Which Came First, The Chicken Genome Or The Egg Genome
Terradaily.com, 9th October 2007
"Which came first, the chicken genome or the egg genome? Researchers have answered a similarly vexing (and far more relevant) genomic question: Which of the thousands of long stretches of repeated DNA in the human genome came first? And which are the duplicates?"
Comment:I suppose someone has to try and work it out!
Study: Humans' DNA Not Quite So Similar
Time.com, 4th September 2007
A new paper states people are less alike than scientists had previously thought and joins several others published over the past three to four years that estimates a similarity of around 99 percent. The studies produce the lower figure because they uncovered chunks of DNA that differ among people, whereas previous studies focused on differences in individual building blocks. Certainly, most interesting!
Punctuating the book of life
National Post, 13 July 2007
"Some of the 'junk' DNA might be considered 'punctuation marks,''' said Victoria Lunyak of the University of California at San Diego, "commas and periods that help make sense of the coding portion of the genome." Likewise, her colleague Michael Rosenfeld said, "Without boundary elements, the coding portion of the genome is like a long, run-on sequence of words without punctuation."
Well, I suppose it's better than, we don't have a clue what this is, so let's call it junk.
Human genome further unravelled
A close-up view of the human genome has revealed its innermost workings to be far more complex than first thought
BBC News, 14 June 2007
Title of this article is very misleading because it reveals the exact opposite.
"The study, which was carried out on just 1% of our DNA code, challenges the view that genes are the main players in driving our biochemistry. Instead, it suggests genes, so called junk DNA and other elements, together weave an intricate control network. The Human Genome Project gave us the letters of the genome, but not a great deal of understanding. The Encode project tries to understand the genome."
Findings Challenge Basic Views on Human Genome
Science Blog, 13 June 2007
"The scientific community will need to rethink some long-held views about what genes are and what they do, as well as how the genome's functional elements have evolved. This could have significant implications for efforts to identify the DNA sequences involved in many human diseases."
This statement means that our scientists have realised that DNA are not the simple building blocks as previously believed. The building and programming of DNA has other components that are not understood. Please listen to the brilliant Bruce Lipton interview by DNA and the Environment